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Male family planning or Male contraceptives

Male family planning refers to methods and techniques that allow men to actively participate in contraception and reproductive health decisions. While the primary responsibility for contraception has traditionally been placed on women, several male-focused family planning options are available. Here are some types of male family planning or Male Contraception

1. CONDOMS: Condoms are a barrier method of contraception that prevents pregnancy by blocking sperm from reaching the egg. They are widely accessible, affordable, and help prevent sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

2. VASECTOMY: Vasectomy is a surgical procedure that involves cutting or blocking the vas deferens, the tubes that carry sperm from the testicles to the seminal vesicles which produce major quantity of seminal fluid. The sperm from the testicles travels via the vas deferens to the seminal vesicles and get mixed with the seminal fluids. The semen is a mixture of seminal fluid and sperm. During sexual intercourse/masturbation when the male reaches orgasm the semen is discharged into the vagina/outside.

Vasectomy permanently blocks the vassal tube preventing the travel of sperms from the testicles to the seminal vesicles. Vasectomy is a permanent method of contraception. Vasectomy can be reversed by microsurgical methods but results are unpredictable.

It is considered a permanent form of contraception, but it can sometimes be reversed through surgery.

3. WITHDRAWAL (PULL-OUT METHOD): This method involves the man withdrawing his penis from the vagina before ejaculation, preventing sperm from entering the vagina. While it is less effective than other methods, it can be used as a temporary option when other forms of contraception are not available. The female partner may complain of not achieving orgasm

4. MALE HORMONAL CONTRACEPTION: Researchers are actively working on developing hormonal methods for men, such as testosterone-based injections or implants, to temporarily reduce sperm production. It's important to note that the options listed above may not be as diverse or widely used as female-focused contraception methods. It is advisable for couples to discuss and choose the most suitable family planning options together, based on their individual needs and preferences. Consulting with a healthcare provider, like a andrologist/urologist recommended to obtain accurate and up-to-date information about available male family planning methods

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